Automating vROPs Tenant Appliance Deployment & Configuration via API

In my previous post on vROPs Tenant Appliance for vCD, I covered steps of manual deployment & configuration. In this post I will cover how we can achieve this via CLI/API.

These API’s can be leveraged via any scripting language to automate the deployment of vROPs TA.

Step 1: Deploy vROPs Tenant Appliance via ovftool

As of now there is no API for automating deployment of appliance via API, so we will use ovftool for this purpose.

Step 2: Get Authentication Token Read More

Installing & Configuring vCD Content Pack in vRLI via API

In this post we will learn how to install vCD content pack in vRealize Log Insight via API. 

What is vCD Content pack?

As per VMware official documentation:

The VMware vCloud Director content pack provides you unparalleled visibility into your vCD environment from 5.5 to the new 9.x SP. Providing graphical representations of important log data, metrics of your vCD workloads and a robust set of alerts this content pack will allow you to better manage vCD utilizing Log Insight’s capabilities.

Installing content packs in vRLI is one of the day 2 operations that most VMware Admins do in their day to day job. In large datacenters where there are several instances of vRLI, configuring content packs & agents via UI is a very tedious and time consuming process. You can use API’s to automate these day 2 tasks to reduce time and to minimize human errors. So let’s get started. Read More

Integrating vSphere & vROPs with vRLI via API

In this post I will walk through steps of integrating vSphere and vROPs in vRLI via API.

Note: All GET & POST calls are done over port 9543 with JSON payloads. 

1: Obtain Auth Token: 

Response output is a sessionId  which is a opaque bearer token valid for a limited time, indicated by the ttl value in the response.

Note: Post obtaining Auth Token, sessionId is passed as type “Bearer Token” under Authorization for all subsequent requests.

2: Test vSphere Connection Read More

Install & Configure vCD Management Pack in vROPs via API

In this post I will walk through steps of installing vCD Management Pack in vROPS via API. Installation of management pack is leveraged via vROPS CaSA API. Adapter configuration is done via regular suite-api. 

What is vROps CaSA API?

CaSA stands for Cluster and Slice Administration. The CaSA API manages the internal working of vRealize Operations Manager and runs on a standalone vFabric tcServer. CaSA API can be explored directly from vROPs by typing https://<vrops-fqdn>/casa/api-guide.html

Install and Configure vCD Management Pack & Adapter Read More

Configuring vCenter Adapter in vROPs via API

In this post we will learn how to install Management Packs in vROPs via API. 

For vCenter we don’t have to install any management pack as its shipped with vROPs by default and we just have to create vCenter credentials and configure adapter. Below steps can be followed to configure VC adapter.

1: Obtain Session Token: vROPs session token is obtained via POST call. 

Sample Output:

The token id obtained in output is passed as “Authorization: vRealizeOpsToken token_value” header in all subsequent GET and POST calls. Read More

Configuring MYVMware Account in vRSLCM via API

One of the method of installing vRealize products via vRSLCM is to configure myvmw repository first and then pulling available product binaries via internet. In this post I will walk through steps of configuring the same via API.

1:  Add myvmw credentials to password Store

2:  Fetch vmid associated with alias created in step-1: When a new password is added to locker store, vRSLCM assigns a unique vmid to that password and all future references to this password is made via assigned vmid.  Read More

vRLI Distributed Install/Upgrade via vRSLCM API

In my last Post I demonstrated how to install and upgrade a distributed vROPs via vRSLCM API. In this post I will walk through how to perform install/upgrade a distributed vRLI environment.

Steps for deploying/upgrading any vRealize product via vRSLCM API are pretty much same, only the json payload varies. 

vRLI Deployment Procedure

Step 1: Pre-Validate Environment Creation

Sample Output

2: Check Status of Pre-validation

Read More

vROPs Distributed Install/Upgrade via vRSLCM API

vRSLCM is such a great tool that it lifts all the complexity of deploying vRealize suite in just few clicks. Whether you are looking for standalone deployment or a distributed one, you are shielded from all the complexity that goes behind in setting up an environment.

Recently while working on my new project, I was tasked to find out a way where all the UI operations related to vRSLCM can be automated. In my last post I listed all the API’s that are needed to perform end to end vRSLCM configuration. We need to fetch few details before starting install/upgrade of any vRealize product. Read More

Automating vRSLCM 8.x End to End Configuration via API

In this post we will learn how to leverage vRealize Suite Life Cycle Manager (vRSLCM) API to automated deployment & configuration. 

With release of vRSLCM 8.x, VMware introduced simple installer (similar to vCSA) for deployment of vRSLCM. Below is screenshot of how the simple installer looks like. 

As of now we don’t have any API which can be leveraged to automate appliance deployment, so we will perform this task via ovftool.

Deploying vRSLCM via ovftool

Read More

Getting Started With vROPs Tenant App For vCloud Director 10.x

In this post I will walk through step by step installation for vRealize Operations Manager Tenant App for vCloud Director. But before I jump into lab, I want to take a moment to explain what this solution is all about and how it looks like from architectural point of view.

What is vROPs Tenant App for vCloud Director?

vROPs Tenant App is a solution which helps in exposing vRops performance metrics to tenants in a vCD environment. Each tenant can only see metrics data relevant to their organization.

From a service provider point of view, this is an awesome solution as Tenant App enables tenants to have complete visibility of performance metrics of their environment. If an environment is not performing as per expectations, tenants can leverage this solution to root cause analysis of performance issue and they can perform L1-L2 level of maintenance/troubleshooting tasks themselves without raising service tickets with service providers.  Read More

Upgrading Clustered vRLI Deployment

In this post I will walk through steps of upgrading a clustered vRLI deployment. Before preparing for upgrade, make sure to read VMware documentation for the supported upgrade path.

One very important consideration before you start upgrading vRLI:

Upgrading vRealize Log Insight must be done from the master node’s FQDN. Upgrading using the Integrated Load Balancer IP address is not supported.

To start vRLI upgrade, login to the web interface of master node and navigate to Administration > Cluster and click on Upgrade Cluster button. Read More

Configuring AD Authentication in vRealize Log Insight

vRealize Log Insight supports 3 Authentication methods:

  • Local authentication.
  • VMware Identity Manager authentication.
  • Active Directory authentication.

You can use more than one method in the same deployment and users then select the type of authentication to use at log in.

To AD authentication to vRLI, login to web interface and navigate to Administration > Authentication page

vrli-auth01

Switch to Active Directory tab and toggle the “Enable Active Directory support” button.

vrli-auth02

Specify your domain related details and hit Test Connection button to test whether vRLI is able to talk to AD or not. Hit Save button if test is successful.  Read More

Scaling Up Standalone vRealize Log Insight Deployment

vRealize log insight can be deployed as a standalone or as a clustered solution. In a clustered deployment the first node is the master node and the remaining nodes are termed as worker nodes. The process of scaling up is pretty straight forward and in this post I will walk through the steps of doing so.

Few things which you should consider before expanding a vRealize Log Insight deployment are:

  • vRealize Log Insight does not support WAN clustering (also called geo-clustering or remote clustering). All nodes in the cluster should be deployed in the same Layer 2 LAN. 
  • Configure a minimum of three nodes in a vRealize Log Insight cluster. 2 node cluster is not supported.
  • Verify that the versions of the vRealize Log Insight master and worker nodes are same. Do not add an older version vRealize Log Insight worker to a newer version vRealize Log Insight master node.
  • External load balancers are not supported for vRealize Log Insight clusters. You need to use the vRealize log insight integrated load balancer (ILB). 

Let’s jump into lab to see the process in action.

In this post I am not including deployment steps of my first vRLI instance as it’s a straightforward forward process. If you are still interested to see the deployment steps then you can follow this old post of mine. Read More

Distributed vRA Automated Upgrade via vRLCM

In this post I will walk through steps of upgrading a distributed vRA 7.4 environment to v7.5. This is continuation of my earlier post where I deployed vRA 7.4 via vRLCM.

Upgrade Prerequisites

This post assumes that you have met all the prerequisites of vRA upgrade mentioned in this document

Important: If you are doing upgrade in a distributed environment, then make sure you have disabled the secondary members of pool and all monitors removed for the pool members during the upgrade process. 

To upgrade a vRA deployment, login to vRLCM and navigate to Home > Environments and click on view details. Read More

Cancelling Request in vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager via API

vRLCM is a great tool but the only shortcoming which is still there with v 2.0 is the ability to cancel any running task via GUI. I faced this situation when I was trying to add a remote collector node to an existing vROPS deployment and task kept running for more than 4 hours.

While searching on internet for how we can stop/cancel/delete a request in vRLCM, came across this thread on VMware Code website, where it was mentioned that it’s not possible from GUI and we need to use REST API.

Below steps shows how to use vRLCM API Read More